Black Death

Black death, medieval epidemy of Plaque. The dreadful Black death of the middle ages. Causes and results of the Black Death.

Black Death in Art

Black Death in Art

 

Black Death was one of the most devastating epidemics in the human history. This disease killed almost 75 to 200 million people during the 13th century. In the beginning various myths were spread about the evolution of the disease but from a DNA analysis it was found that there was a pathogen that was responsible for this disease.

Black Death causes

Black Death Map

Black Death Map

It was thought that China or the central Asia brought the Black Death to Europe. From China, it went to the Silk Road and reached all the way to the Crimea. Black rats or the oriental rate fleas were the carriers of the disease. After that it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. This disease reduced the population of the world from 450 million to 375 million.
There was a reason to call this disease the Black Death. The one who becomes the victim of the disease used to get swollen and the skin used to turn black.  The diseased person also used to get buboes. They were red in the beginning and then they used to turn dark purple and then black. The blood of the diseased person used to be black, thick and it had a really awful smell.

Symptoms of the Black Death disease

The patients had to experience terrible symptoms. A few of them were:
Swelling of the legs, neck and armpits
Appearance of buboes
High fever
Vomiting
Muscular pains
Delirium
Menstrual disturbance
Lungs bleeding

Bubonic plaque symptoms

Bubonic plaque symptoms

Treatment of the Black Death
In the medieval times, various herbs were used to provide relieves to the patients. The disease had no cure. Bay, sage and rose was used for treating headache.  Mint and balm was used to stop vitamin.  Comfrey and liquor ice was used for treating the lungs. Vinegar was believed to be used as a cleansing agent for killing the disease.  Butter, garlic or onion was applied on the buboes. Tobacco was also used for the treatment of the disease.

Black Death

Results of Black Death
As a result of the spread of the disease, wages increased and farming lands were given to pasture. The cloth and woolen industry flourished. The peasants started to move from the countries to the towns.  All this resulted in several revolts, uprisings and in church reformation in England and German lands.

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