Medieval Battles

Medieval Battles. List of important medieval wars and significant battles in Middle Ages. Famous medieval battles, dates and importance for history.

Medieval Battles

Significant Medieval Wars.

Crusades (1096-1272)
Wars of Christian armies against Turks in Holy land (Palestine, Middle East).

Scottish Independence Wars (1296-1357)
Series of conflicts between Scots and England. Scottish became an independent state till 1707.

Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453)
Series of conflict between England and France.

Hussite Wars (1419-1434)
Series of religious wars in Central Europe. Hussite resisatance against 5 crusades led by Catholic church. Wars ended after Battle of Lipany where the Hussite radicals lost against the conservative wing.

Wars of Roses (1455-1485)
Dynasty wars in Medieval England. Wars of Lancasterian and Yorkish branch of Plantagenets. Wars ended in 1485 (Bosworth battle). House of Plantagenet lost. Victory of Tudors.

Turkish Wars (13th century – 1918)
Series of conflicts in Europe (mostly in Balcan area). Result: Turkish empire lost all aquired areas in Europe except Constantinople.

Reconquista (711-1492)
Series of wars of Spanish christian states against islamic Moors in Spain (Arabs). End with fall of Grenada in 1492. Unification of Spain.

List of Important Medieval Battles

Battle of Poitiers (732)
Frankish army stopped Arabic invasion into France and rest of Europe.

Battle of Hastings (1066)
William the Conqueror of Normandy invades England.

Battle of Manzikert (1071)
Significant defeat of Byzantine empire by Turks.

Battle of Ascalon (1099)
Crusade armies secured Jerusalem.

Battle of Bouvines (1214)
French victory over English and Holy Roman Empire forces.

Batle of Legnica (1241)
Poles, Czechs and Germans with Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic knights against Mongol army.

Battle on the Ice (1242)
Also called Battle on Lake Pepius, catholic church and Teutonic knight invasion to the East Europe stopped for next 100 years.

Battle of Bannockburn (1314)
Battle of Scottish independence wars. Victory of Robert Bruce of Scottland over English army.

Battle of Morgarten (1315)
Swiss independence from Holy Roman Empire.

Battle of Poitiers (1356)
Another decisive victory of English forces in France.

Battle of Kosovo (1389)
Ottoman victory and expansion into Europe.

Battle of Domazlice (1431)
Decisive battle of 5th anti hussite crusade. Also called Battle of Taus. 120 000 crusaders against 50 000 Hussites in Bohemia. Decisive victory of Hussite army with nearly no loses.

Battle of Tannenberg (1410)
Or Battle of Grunwald. Polish and Lithuanian army with Czech troops defeating the powerful Teutonic order.

Battle of Castillon (1453)
End of 100 years war. End of English power in France.

Battle of Constantinople (1453)
End Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople.

Battle of Bosworth (1485)
Final battle of Wars of Roses in England. Victory of Henry Tudors. Start of Tudor rule.

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