Medieval period. Historical periods of Medieval Ages. Important dates in medieval times. Medieval era in Europe. Early, High and Late Middle ages.
The Dark Age between 500 AD and 1500 AD is known as the medieval time. This era represents the cultural achievements of the Roman Empire in Europe which later failed in 476 AD and then the period of the Renaissance started in 1400 AD during which art and science flourished a lot.
The term Medieval Ages were got from the Renaissance humanists who considered themselves a very valued and superior civilization of Rome. Medieval is derived from Latin words “Medius Aevum” which mean middle Ages.
Accomplishments during the medieval ages were quite significant because there are no adjacent parallels yet available. The era was also known as the Dark Age because there was no learning during the Middle Ages. When the Roman Empire fell, literary flourished a little bit. An evidence of lack of learning is the fact that very few sources or souvenirs from this era are available and hence the historians have not been able to reconstruct what actually happened during this era.
The medieval time period is divided into 3 ages, the early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages. The early middle age was the time in which depopulation, invasions from the Barbarians and de-urbanization occurred. These invaders formed their own kingdoms in the Western Roman Empire. North Africa and the Middle East became an Islamic empire. The Byzantine Empire i.e. the Eastern Roman Empire still remained in major power.
During the high middle ages, a lot of agricultural and technological developments were witnessed. Trade also flourished and Manorialism was formed to. In1095, the Crusades made military attempts to regain the control on the lands of the Middle East which were converted into the Holy Lands of the Muslims. These attempts were made by the Western European Christians.
The Late Middle Age was the era of war and terror. Much of the Western European population was destroyed in the cultural and the political wars. In the late middle ages, the European society started to transform into a modern society through technological and industrial developments. That was the start of the early modern period.
Early Medieval Times (400-1000)
Early Middle Europe was generally chaotic and in a decline from the achievements of the Roman Empire. Serfdom replaces slavery in the farms, which became increasingly self-suffient as trade fell off. Governments were weak and taxes were not collected. Cities dwindled in population. Law and order collapsed as armed bands operated with impunity in many areas throughout much of the period. High culture, learning and civilization almost disappeared completely in many places. Few buildings still exist that were built in the period.
High Medieval Times (1000-1300)
The High Middle Ages period saw the rise of the Normans as a European power – their culture, and more importantly their military, influenced future events in England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, France, Byzantium and Sicily. Having destroyed the Anglo-Saxon model of societal organisation, the Normans continued to implement Feudalism to the English countryside, replacing the old English thegns and Lords with a new Norman Elite. Over the following years, due to interchanging marriages, the Normans advanced their influence into the sovereign nation of Scotland. However, the Scots remained independent of domination from the English. Some of the mighties families in Scotland could trace their lineage to Norman Lords around the time of the Great Scottish Revolt under William Wallace and King Robert I in 1297.
Late Medieval Times (1300-1500)
Late Middle Ages refers to the period from about A.D. 1300 to 1500 in European history. It includes the beginnings of The Renaissance.