Food Available In The Middle Ages. Medieval nutrition and food quality. Life in medieval ages.
Quality of life of the poor and the rich was quite different in the middle ages. Hence the food types and diet was also much dependent on the class of people. Individuals who were living in the manor houses had all types of food available. Chickens, geese, capons and larks were eaten by the lords and their families only. That’s not all; the lords also ate bacon, meat, lamb, beef and seafood like salmon, eels, herring and other types of fishes. They usually ate salted or smoked fish. The manors had access to dairy food like cheese, butters, eggs and yogurt. The wealthy people had their basements filled with flour, grams and other types of grains. This was the type of food that the riches could eat.
The peasants on the other hand in the medieval times had to live on a really simple diet. Although they were the ones who worked on the farms to grow the crops and harvest them too but most of it used to go the market. They used to eat breads made from rye and barley. They had huge dark heavy loaves where they used to bake the breads. Along with water obtained from the well, they used to quench their thirst with ales made from barley. Honey was also used during that time. A protein diet was only obtained from beans and peas along with the bread they ate.
Pottage was a lot a common food of the peasants. It was a thick soup made from onion, garlic, parsley, berries, cabbage, nuts, leeks and spinach. The peasants used to prefer it over bread as there were no grains required to make it. The medieval people did not look like raw vegetables as they were considered unhealthy. They usually used to add any plant in the pottage that was edible for them. For flavor and to get some protein in, some of the families used salt or fatty bacon in the pottage to.
The middle age time was the time of hunger. The people did not have as many calories as they rarely had food in it. There was not much variety of food available for the poor. They lacked in Vitamin A, C and D.