Krakow-medieval city in Poland. Beautiful castle, medieval architecture and stunning history of the fromer capital of Polish state from Medieval ages.
Krakow is one of the oldest and the 2nd largest cities in Medieval Poland. The city dates back to the time of the 7th century and it is located in the lesser region of Poland in the Vistula River. Krakow-Capital of Medieval Poland is known as the cultural and academic representative of the city. It is also known as the economic hub of the state. The city was made the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1569. Later on to 1596, the city came to be known as the Polish Lithuanian Common wealth. Now it is the capital of the Lesser Poland.
It came to be known as the trading center of Slavonic Europe. The city hosts a population of 760,000 people. Almost 8 million people live in the main square of the city.
The oldest artifacts made by a man found in Krakow date back to the era of the stone age which is commonly known by the name Paleolithic period about 200,000 years ago. This evidence says that the place had been a regional center since 6000 BC from the Neolithic period. In 990, Krakow becomes a part of Poland and in 1038, it became the capital of the country. It remained the capital city till the 18th century but from 1815 to 1846, Krakow was constituted as an independent state known by the name Krakow Republic and was occupied by the Austrian empire. In 1918, Krakow emerged as the first independent city of Poland freeing itself from the foreign rule.
When the Second World War broke out and Poland was invaded, Krakow served as the capital of the general government in Germany. The occupiers classified the poles and the Jews and the plan of extermination was made. The entire Jewish population was moved to Krakow Ghetto after which they were sent to the extermination and concentration camps made by the Germans.
Once the war was over, the entire academic and intellectual community of the city was handed over to the political control. The universities and other educational organizations lost the printing rights and the entire autonomy was handed to the government. The largest steel mill in the country was established in Nowa Huta because of this steel mill the city came to be known as the industrial center instead of an educational center. The making of the steel mill made the city’s industry flourish and that contributed in rapid growth of the population.
Places you must not miss in Krakow!
Krakow Historic Center
You must see this! The 13th century merchants’ town is home to Europe’s largest market square and offers numerous historical houses, palaces and churches with magnificent interiors, 14th century fortifications, ancient synagogues, Jagiellonian University and the Gothic cathedral where the kings of Poland were buried.
You must not miss Wawel-the Krakow medieval royal castle and Krakow cathedral.
Market Square – Rynek Glowny
Huge 10-acre square, the largest in any of Europe’s medieval cities, features the 16th-century Renaissance Cloth Hall and the splendid 14th-century Gothic Basilica of the Virgin Mary.
Oskar Schindler’s Factory
Yes, the factory from the legendary movie from WW2.
Kazimierez – Krakow Jewish district.
Polish Aviation Museum
Polish pilots were one of the best pilots during battle of Britain in WW2!
Medieval pictures from Krakow
Wawel castle in Krakow
Pub in Krakow