The First Crusade war-The Fall of Jerusalem. The greatest medieval battles. Battle of Jerusalem. Medieval knights vs. Muslim warriors.
The First Crusade was part of the Christian response to the Muslim conquests, and was followed by the Second through Ninth Crusades, but the gains made lasted for less than 200 years. It was also the first major step towards reopening international trade in the West since the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
During the First crusade, knights and peasants from many nations of Western Europe travelled over land and by sea, first to Constantinople and then on towards Jerusalem. The Crusaders arrived at Jerusalem, launched an assault on the city, and captured it in July 1099, massacring many of the city’s Muslim, Christian, and Jewish inhabitants. They also established the crusader states of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, and the County of Edessa.
First crusade leaders: Godfrey of Bouillon, Robert II of Flanders, Alexios I Komnenos, Robert II of Normandy, Constantine I.